The Effect Of Presbycusis On The Quality Of Elderly Life


  • Ellysa Angguman Putri Medical Faculty, Lampung University
  • Putu Ristyaning Ayu Sangging
  • Rani Himayani



Presbycusis, Communication barriers, quality of life


Presbycusis is a sensorineural hearing loss that commonly occurs in the elderly as a result of the degenerative process of the hearing organ which continues to decrease progressively and symmetrically on both sides of the ear. Based on the results of audiometric examination and temporal bone pathology, presbycusis can be classified into four categories are sensory type, neural type, metabolic type, and cochlear conduction types. Factors involved in the development of presbycusis are genetic factors and environmental factors. Presbycusis is an important problem in the elderly  social interaction. The elderly rely on their hearing to overcome the limited vision that is starting to get impaired. In addition, decreased concentration and memory due to age also make it difficult for the elderly to understand speech, especially in noisy situations. Presbycusis can cause serious complications, such as anxiety disorders, communication disorders, depression, isolation, and cognitive disorders. Presbycusis can affect all aspects of life, especially the personal and daily life. This is because hearing is an important sensation for the elderly in improving the quality of life, maintaining safety and health. Communication barriers caused by presbycusis affect the quality of life of the elderly.

Author Biographies

Putu Ristyaning Ayu Sangging



Rani Himayani




Wang J, Puel JL. Presbycusis: an update on cochlear mechanisms and therapies. Journal of Clinical Medicine. 2020;9(1):218.

WHO. Addressing the rising prevalence of hearing loss [internet]; 2018 [disitasi tanggal 13 Maret 2023]. Tersedia dari

Wattamwar K, Jason QZ, Otter J, Leskowitz, MJ, Caruana FF, Siedlecki B, et al. Increases in the rate of age-related hearing loss in the older old. JAMA Otolaryngol - Head Neck Surg. 2017;143(1):41–5.

Lee KY. Pathophysiology of age-related hearing loss (peripheral and central). Korean Journal of Audiology. 2013;17(2);45.

Saadi AR. Presbycusis [Internet]. Practice Essentials, Pathophysiology, Epidemiology. Medscape;2022 [disitasi tanggal 13 Maret 2023]. Tersedia dari

Chavant M, Kapoula Z. Presbycusis and the Aging of Eye Movement: Common Attention Mechanisms. Brain Sciences. 2022;12(1):107.

Fatmawati R, Dewi YA. Karakteristik Penderita Presbiakusis Di Bagian Ilmu Kesehatan THT-KL RSUP DR. Hasan Sadikin Bandung Periode Januari 2012 - Desember 2014. Jurnal Sistem Kesehatan. 2016;1(4).

Cheslock M, De Jesus O. Presbycusis [Internet]. PubMed. Treasure Island (FL): StatPearls Publishing; 2020. Tersedia dari

Tas A. Description of the characteristics, epidemiology, diagnosis, and risk factors of presbycusis disorder. Central Asian Journal of Medical and Pharmaceutical Sciences Innovation. 2022;2(2):46–56.

WHO. Deafness and hearing loss: Age-related hearing loss (presbycusis) [Internet]; 2023 [disitasi tanggal 13 Maret 2023]. Tersedia dari

Flint PW. Sensorineural Hearing Loss in Adults [internet]; 2021 [disitasi tanggal 13 Maret 2023]. Tersedia dari

Latupono A, Savitri E, Kadir A. Audiogram dan Audiometri Tutur pada Lansia dengan Presbikusis. Jurnal Ilmiah Kesehatan (JIKA) .2021;3(3):177–83.

Labanca L, Guimarães FS, Costa-Guarisco LP, Couto E de AB, Gonçalves DU. Triagem auditiva em idosos: avaliação da acurácia e reprodutibilidade do teste do sussurro. Ciência & Saúde Coletiva. 2017;22(11):3589–98.

Presbycusis Treatment & Management: Medical Care, Consultations, Diet [Internet]. Medscape;2021 [disitasi tanggal [13 Maret 2023]. Tersedia dari

Flatin MC, Zounon AA do S, Ametonou CB, Bouraima FA, Kimba MR, Hounkpatin SH, et al. Impact and Factors Associated with Presbycusis among 50 Years Old People of Parakou and Over in 2021. International Journal of Otolaryngology and Head & Neck Surgery. 2022;11(01):56–73.

Zhang M, Gomaa N, Ho A. Presbycusis: A Critical Issue in Our Community. International Journal of Otolaryngology and Head & Neck Surgery. 2013;02(04):111–20.

Nazarudin N, Priasty VN. Correlation Between Presbycusis with Quality of Life Based on Hearing Handicap Inventory for the Elderly Screening Version (HHIE-S) in Dustira Army Hospital. 2022:95–104.

Cosh S, Helmer C, Delcourt C, Robins TG, Tully PJ. Depression in elderly patients with hearing loss: current perspectives. Clinical Interventions in Aging. 2019;14:1471–80.

Putratama1 A, Purnami2 N, Nuswantoro3 D. Correlation of Presbycusis with Demensia Based on Hearing Handicap Inventory for the Elderly- Screening and the Mini Mental State Examination. Indian Journal of Public Health Research & Development. 2020;11(3):1802–6.

Martinez-Amezcua P, Powell D, Kuo P-L, Reed NS, Sullivan KJ, Palta P, et al. Association of Age-Related Hearing Impairment With Physical Functioning Among Community-Dwelling Older Adults in the US. JAMA Network Open. 2021;4(6):e2113742–2.

Said EA. Health-related quality of life in elderly hearing aid users vs. non-users. Egyptian Journal of Ear, Nose, Throat and Allied Sciences 2017;18(3):271–9.

McMahon CM. Hearing Loss in Older Age and Its Effect on the Individuals, Their Families and the Community. Genetics of Deafness. 2016;20:9–18.



How to Cite

Ellysa Angguman Putri, Sangging, P. R. A., & Himayani, R. (2023). The Effect Of Presbycusis On The Quality Of Elderly Life. Medical Profession Journal of Lampung, 13(4.1), 15-20.

Most read articles by the same author(s)

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 > >>