Relationship Between Obesity and Teenagers Behaviour Changes In SMPN 4 Bandar Lampung

Authors

  • Putri Giani Purnamasari
  • Khairun Nisa Berawi
  • Fitria Saftarina

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.53089/medula.v10i1.24

Keywords:

Behaviour, obesity, teenagers

Abstract

Obesity (overweight) is a fundamental disease from non-communicable diseases such as diabetes, hypertension, and cardiovascular disease who still becomes a major health issue in Indonesia and the world. The teenager is a transition period that involves changes in physiological, psychological, social, and can develop into overweight or obesity. The fear of being obese is more common in girls than boys, and this explains why an effort to lose weight is mostly found in girls. This study aimed to determine the relationship between obesity and teenagers' behavioral changes in 14-16 years old of SMPN 4 Bandar Lampung students. It was a comparative analytic with a cross-sectional study. The sampling method used a case-control and using a questionnaire as a measuring tool. Data were then analyzed with a chi-square test. The study was conducted against 77 respondents with 48 respondents (62.3%) who were obese and 29 respondents (37.7%) not obese. While as many as 20 respondents (26.0%) had problematic behavior and 57 respondents (74.0%) did not have problematic behavior. The result of the chi-square test with a p-value was 0.015. There was a significant association between obesity with the teenager's behavior change in SMP Negeri 4 Bandar Lampung.

Author Biography

Putri Giani Purnamasari

  1. Ogden C, Carroll M. Prevalence of obesity among children and adolescents: United States, trends 1963-1965 through 2007- 2008. USA: CDC Nation Center For Health Statistics; 2010.
  2. Freedman DS, Khan LK, Dietz WH, Srinivasan S., Berenson GS. Relationship of childhood obesity to coronary heart disease risk factors in adulthood: the Bogalusa heart study. Pediatrics. 2001; 108:712–18.
  3. The Surgeon General's Vision for a Healthy and Fit Nation. USA: NCBI; 2010.
  4. Daniels SR, et al. Overweight in children and adolescents: pathophysiology, consequences, prevention, and treatment. Circulation. 2005; 111:1999-2012.
  5. Dietz WH. Overweight in childhood and adolescence. New Engl J Med. 2004; 350(23):2414-6.
  6. Kementrian Kesehatan Republik Indonesia. Riset kesehatan dasar tahun 2010. Jakarta: Balai Penelitian dan Pengembangan Kesehatan Republik Indonesia. 2010.
  7. Kementrian Kesehatan Republik Indonesia. Riset kesehatan dasar tahun 2013. Jakarta: Balai Penelitian dan Pengembangan Kesehatan Republik Indonesia. 2013.
  8. Kementrian Kesehatan Republik Indonesia. Survei kesehatan rumah tangga (SKRT) 2007. Jakarta: Badan Penelitian dan Pengembangan Kesehatan Republik Indonesia. 2007.
  9. Notoatmodjo S. Metode Penelitian Kesehatan. Jakarta: Rineka Cipta; 2012.
  10. Wan PL., Kandiah M, Taib. Body image perception, dietary practices, and physical activity of overweight and normal-weight Malaysian female adolescents. 2004; 10(2):131-47.
  11. Setas C. Perceived body image, obesity, and food intake in 13-years old adolescent. [Thesis]. Portugal: Universidade do Porto; 2009.
  12. Pritchard ME, King SL, Czajka, Dorice M. Adolescents body mass indices and self-perception. Adolescence. 1997; 32(128): 863-80.
  13. , Griffith J. Socioeconomic status and weight control practices in British adults. J Epidemiol Community Health. 2001; 55(3):185–90.
  14. Wardle J., Johnson F. Weight, and dieting: examining levels of weight concern in British adults. Int J Obesity. 2002; 26(8):1144–9.
  15. Chang VW., Christakis NA. Self-perception of weight appropriateness in the United States. Am J Prev Med. 2003; 24(4):332–9.
  16. Cheung YTP, et al. Who wants a slimmer body? the relationship between body weight status, education level, and body shape dissatisfaction among young adults in Hong Kong. BMC Public Health. 2011; 11(835):1-10.
  17. Emslie C., Hunt K., Macintyre S. Perceptions of body image among working men and women. J Epidemiol Community Health. 2001; 55(6):406–7.
  18. Khawaja M, Soweid RAA. Images of body weight among young men and women: evidence from Beirut, Lebanon. J Epidemiol Community Health. 2004; 58:352–3.
  19. Gibney MJ, Margaretts BM, Kearney JM, Arab L. Gizi kesehatan masyarakat. Jakarta: EGC; 2009.
  20. Lynch E, Liu K, Wei GS, Bonnie, Greenland. The relation between body size perception and change in body mass index over 13 years: the Coronary Artery Risk
  21. Development in Young Adults (CARDIA) study. Am J Epidemiol. 2009; 169(7):857– 66.
  22. Wang Y, Liang H, Chen X. Measured body mass index, body weight perception, dissatisfaction, and control practices in urban, low-income African American adolescents. BMC Public Health. 2009; 9:183.
  23. Wardle J, Griffith J. 2001. Socioeconomic status and weight control practices in British adults. J Epidemiol Commun H. 55:185-190.
  24. Wardle J, Johnson F. 2002. Wight and dieting: examining levels of weight concern in British adults. Int J Obesity. 26(8):1144-

References

Ogden C, Carroll M. Prevalence of obesity among children and adolescents: United States, trends 1963-1965 through 2007- 2008. USA: CDC Nation Center For Health Statistics; 2010.

Freedman DS, Khan LK, Dietz WH, Srinivasan S., Berenson GS. Relationship of childhood obesity to coronary heart disease risk faktors in adulthood: the bogalusa heart study. Pediatrics. 2001; 108:712–18.

Rockville. The Surgeon General's Vision for a Healthy and Fit Nation. USA: NCBI; 2010.

Daniels SR, et al. Overweight in children and adolescents: pathophysiology, consequences, prevention, and treatment. Circulation. 2005; 111:1999-2012.

Dietz WH. Overweight in childhood and adolescence. New Engl J Med. 2004; 350(23):2414-6.

Kementrian Kesehatan Republik Indonesia. Riset kesehatan dasar tahun 2010. Jakarta: Balai Penelitian dan Pengembangan Kesehatan Republik Indonesia. 2010.

Kementrian Kesehatan Republik Indonesia. Riset kesehatan dasar tahun 2013. Jakarta: Balai Penelitian dan Pengembangan Kesehatan Republik Indonesia. 2013.

Kementrian Kesehatan Republik Indonesia. Survei kesehatan rumah tangga (SKRT) 2007. Jakarta: Badan Penelitian dan Pengembangan Kesehatan Republik Indonesia. 2007.

Notoatmodjo S. Metode Penelitian Kesehatan. Jakarta: Rineka Cipta; 2012.

Wan PL., Kandiah M, Taib. Body image perception, dietary practices and physical activity of overweight and normal weight Malaysian female adolescents. 2004; 10(2):131-47.

Setas C. Perceived body image, obesity and food intake in 13-years old adolescent. [Thesis]. Portugal: Universidade do Porto; 2009.

Pritchard ME, King SL, Czajka, Dorice M. Adolescents body mass indices and self-perception. Adolescence. 1997; 32(128): 863-80.

WardleJ., Griffith J. Socioeconomic status and weight control practices in British adults. J Epidemiol Community Health. 2001; 55(3):185–90.

Wardle J., Johnson F. Weight and dieting: examining levels of weight concern in British adults. Int J Obesity. 2002; 26(8):1144–9.

Chang VW., Christakis NA. Self-perception of weight appropriateness in the United States. Am J Prev Med. 2003; 24(4):332–9.

Cheung YTP, et al. Who wants a slimmer body? the relationship between body weight status, education level and body shape dissatisfaction among young adults in Hong Kong. BMC Public Health. 2011; 11(835):1-10.

Emslie C., Hunt K., Macintyre S. Perceptions of body image among working men and women. J Epidemiol Community Health. 2001; 55(6):406–7.

Khawaja M, Soweid RAA. Images of body weight among young men and women: evidence from Beirut, Lebanon. J Epidemiol Community Health. 2004; 58:352–3.

Gibney MJ, Margaretts BM, Kearney JM, Arab L. Gizi kesehatan masyarakat. Jakarta: EGC; 2009.

Lynch E, Liu K, Wei GS, Bonnie, Greenland. The relation between body size perception and change in body mass index over 13 years: the Coronary Artery Risk

Development in Young Adults (CARDIA) study. Am J Epidemiol. 2009; 169(7):857– 66.

Wang Y, Liang H, Chen X. Measured body mass index, body weight perception, dissatisfaction and control practices in urban, low-income African American adolescents. BMC Public Health. 2009; 9:183.

WardleJ, Griftfith J. 2001. Socioeconomic status and weight control practices in British adults. J Epidemiol Commun H. 55:185-190.

Wardle J, Johnson F. 2002. Wight and dieting: examining levels of weight concern in British adulst. Int J obesity. 26(8):1144-9.

Published

2020-09-20

How to Cite

Putri Giani Purnamasari, Khairun Nisa Berawi, & Fitria Saftarina. (2020). Relationship Between Obesity and Teenagers Behaviour Changes In SMPN 4 Bandar Lampung. Medical Profession Journal of Lampung, 10(1), 38-42. https://doi.org/10.53089/medula.v10i1.24

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