Factors Contributing to The Incidence of Congenital Anomalies in Neonates at Abdul Moeloek General Hospital, Lampung


  • Leni Ervina Khottob
  • Agung Assirri Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Lampung
  • Dwi Wulan Noviyanti
  • Olivia Ekklesia Suli
  • Syinthia Wulan Perdana
  • Muhammad Syahrafi Ramadhan




Congenital anomalies, congenital malformations, neonates


Congenital anomalies (CA) are functional or structural changes of prenatal origin that significantly reduce quality of life. Therefore, identification of factors that contribute to the incidence of CA needs to be known. This study aimed to determine and look for factors that play a role in the incidence of CA at Abdul Moeloek Hospital, Lampung Province. This study was an observational analytic study with case control approach. The study population was all neonates who gave birth and were treated at Abdul Moeloek Hospital from September to December 2022 with a total sample size of 32 cases and 130 controls. The sampling technique in this study was total sampling. Factors that were found to contribute to the incidence of CA were older maternal age (p=0.041, OR 2.359; CI 95% 1.036-5.642), low birth weight (p=0.025, OR 2.650; CI 95%: 1.154-8.632) and education level (p=0.000, OR 0.109; CI 95%: 0.048-0.308). Based on the research that has been conducted, it was found that the most common CA was abnormalities in the gastrointestinal organs with the risk factors that significantly influenced were maternal age, education level, and neonate birth weight.


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How to Cite

Khottob, L. E., Assirri, A., Noviyanti, D. W., Suli, O. E., Perdana, S. W., & Ramadhan, M. S. (2023). Factors Contributing to The Incidence of Congenital Anomalies in Neonates at Abdul Moeloek General Hospital, Lampung. Medical Profession Journal of Lampung, 13(4), 609-614. https://doi.org/10.53089/medula.v13i4.670