Mental Health as an Important Aspect in Post Disaster Intervention


  • Ganesha Rahman Hakim Universitas Lampung
  • Helmi Ismunandar Universitas Lampung
  • Sutarto Sutarto Universitas Lampung



Mental Health, Disaster, Psychological First Aid


Indonesia experiences a high occurrence of natural disasters. Throughout the year 2022, a total of 3,544 disasters were recorded in Indonesia. Disasters can be defined as events that threaten lives and disrupt communities, resulting from both natural and non-natural factors. Disasters have broad impacts on physical and mental health. The population affected by disasters may exhibit traumatic reactions and show psychological symptoms. Some individuals require assistance to cope with their traumatic reactions. Psychological First Aid (PFA) is an effective psychological intervention that can provide support and a sense of safety to individuals affected by disasters. The principles of PFA involve providing emotional support and connecting the victim with the necessary assistance. PFA is conducted using three principles: look, listen, and link. The first step involves identifying victims in need of psychological assistance, followed by listening and calming the victims. Finally, the helper will assist the victim in obtaining further necessary assistance. PFA has a positive impact on the mental health of victims, reducing anxiety, depression, emotional distress, and feelings of fear. Additionally, PFA can provide victims with a sense of security and help them reconnect with available assistance.

Author Biographies

Ganesha Rahman Hakim, Universitas Lampung



Helmi Ismunandar, Universitas Lampung



Sutarto Sutarto, Universitas Lampung




Rijanta, Hizbaron, dan Baiquni. Modal Sosial dalam Manajemen Bencana. Gadjah Mada University Press; 2014.

Badan Nasional Penanggulangan Bencana. Infografis Bencana Indonesia 2022. BNPB; 2023.

Badan Nasional Penanggulangan Bencana. Data Informasi Bencana Indonesia. 2023. diakses pada 12 Desember 2023.

Indonesia. Undang Undang Nomor 24 Tahun 2007 tentang Penanggulangan Bencana. Jakarta; 2007.

Unidted Nations Office for Disaster Risk Reduction. Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction 2015-2030. United Nations.

Makwana N; 2019.

Disaster and its impact on mental health: A narrative review. Family Med Prim Care. 8;10:3090-3095.

Massazza A, Brewin CR, Joffe H. Feelings, Thoughts, and Behaviors During Disaster. Qual Health Res. 2020; 31(2): 323-337.

Lai J, Ma S, Wang Y, Cai Z, Hu J, Du H, et al. Factors associated with mental health outcomes among health care workers exposed to coronavirus disease 2019. JAMA Netw Open. 2020; 3(3): e203976.

Blackmore, Jacqueline, Mina Fazel, Sanjeeva Ranasinha, Kylie M Gray, et al. The prevalence of mental illness in refugees and asylum seekers: A systematic review and meta-analysis. PLoS Med. 2020; 17(9).

World Health Organization. Psychological First Aid : Guide for Field Workers. WHO;2011.

Gilbert R, Abel, Vernberg, dan Jacobs A K. the Use of Psychological First Aid in Children Exposed to Mass Trauma. Curr Psychiatry Rep. 2021; 23(9): 53

Hermosilla S, Forthal S, Sadowska K, Magill EB, Watson P, Pike KM. We need to build the evidence: A systematic review of psychological first aid on mental health and well-being. J Truma Stress. 2023;36(1):5-16.

Simonds EA, Gobenciong KAP, Wilson JE, Jiroutek MR, Nugent NR, van Tilburg MAL. Trauma Functioning and Well-Being in Children Who Receive Mental Health Aid after Natural Disaster or War. Children (Basel). 2022; 9(7):951.

Bekircan, E., Usta, G. & Torpuş, K. he effect of psychological first aid intervention on stress and psychological resilience in volunteers participating in 2023 earthquakes centered in Kahramanmaraş. Turkey. Curr Psychol; 2023.



How to Cite

Hakim, G. R. ., Ismunandar, H. ., & Sutarto, S. (2024). Mental Health as an Important Aspect in Post Disaster Intervention. Medical Profession Journal of Lampung, 14(1), 74-78.




Most read articles by the same author(s)

1 2 3 > >>